History of BNC


In 1997, three academic research institutes formed a consortium under the name of Budapest Neutron Centre (BNC) to co-ordinate research activities associated with the Budapest Research Reactor (BRR). The three founders were: KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, the Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, and the Institute of Isotopes. In 2005, KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics joint in BNC. Due to the reorganization of the Hungarian research network, from 2012 the Budapest Neutron Centre is an association of two research centers; the Centre for Energy Research (CER) and the Wigner Research Centre for Physics (Wigner CRP). Budapest Neutron Centre is represented by the Centre for Energy Research.

The role of the Budapest Neutron Centre (BNC) is to coordinate the reactor utilization and to provide scientific infrastructure for the international user community. BNC maintains its access programme; instruments are offered through the international user programme. BNC participates several EU supported programmes like NMI3 (Integrated Infrastructure Initiative for Neutron Scattering and Muon Spectroscopy), SINE2020 (Science and Innovation with Neutrons in Europe in 2020), BrightnESS (Building a Research Infrastructure and Synergies for Highest Scientific Impact on ESS), CERIC (Central European Research Infrastructure Consortium), IPERION CH (Integrated Platform for the European Research Infrastructure ON Cultural Heritage) and ERINDA (European Research Infrastructures for Nuclear Data Applications).

Since the refurbishment of the Budapest Research Reactor in 1992, the instrument development programme is continued and currently 15 experimental stations are in operation. A major milestone in this programme was the extension of the cold neutron research facility. A liquid hydrogen cold neutron source (CNS) was installed in 2000. The commissioning of the CNS has been followed by the replacement of the old neutron guides by a new supermirror guide system both for the in-pile and out-of pile part. In the near future the improvement of the quality of experiments, sample environment, reliability of instruments is in the scope of development. The mission of BNC is to provide opportunity for neutron research in this Central-European region where around 500 potential neutron users are present (ENSA survey).